Reason of Application:
Acne marks, skin abnormalities as a result of the sun, and aging are the most important factors that affect the appearance of our skin. It is possible to eliminate these marks by peeling agents. The main principle of the peeling method is to remove the damaged layer of the skin and to lighten up the undamaged skin. As a result healthier, live, smooth and tense skin is obtained.
Alfa hydroxyacids (AHA) are generally used for cases that especially require surface peeling. AHA naturally exists in fruits and food stuff and is known as fruit acids. This group includes many fruit acids and the most common one used in aesthetic is glycolic acid that exists naturally in sugar beet juice.
The epidermis layer of the skin is partially lifted up in the glycolic acid method and the cells and the skin are renewed. This method renews the skin under tight control compared to other peeling methods. Glycolic acid is the most common used peeling agent today.
Surface peeling operation provides the treatment of thin lines formed by the sun, pigmentation and abnormalities, acne marks to alight or moderate level. The skin gets softer, smoother and shiny. Deep peeling is applied to patients with wrinkles, hyper pigmentation and heavy sun damage. Phenol and TCA (Trichlorasetic acid) are used.
The doctors should learn the patients history before the surgery, and determine the appropriate peeling time and type according to the age and skin type. Patients with active herpes, wounds on the skin or small cracks, recent surgery (wound healing), previous peeling application to the same area or Dermabraison, recent radiation application, use of Roaccutane in the last 6 months, biotherapy in the last month, excessive sun burn, and excessive nedbe tissue should not be treated with peeling. Peeling is a safe method that should be applied by doctors. Peeling gives good results with appropriate patients. Winter time is preferred for peeling and sun protection should be used strictly.
Operation and Rehabilitation Duration:
The skin is prepared for peeling at least for 2 weeks by using a product recommended byt the doctor for the glycolic acid method. Peeling is done at the end of this preparation period. Peeling can be done 6-7 times on average. However this number varies depending on the purpose and patient. The use of gel, cream or lotions recommended by the doctor will continue the renewal of the skin between the peeling sessions
Peeling applied with TCA or phenol is applied to the entire face in 1-2 hours. The treatment is done under hospital conditions and is only applied for once. Seduction anesthesia might be required. New skin is formed in 5-10 days. If TCA is used, this period is 7-21 days with phenol. Rashness and eritem might be observed on the skin after phenol application.